Determination of film-coated tablet parameters by near-infrared spectroscopy

Author(s): Kirsch JD, Drennen JK


Near-infrared (near-IR) spectroscopy was used in the determination of three parameters of theophylline tablets film-coated with ethylcellulose. Spectra of individual intact tablets were collected on two near-IR spectrometers: a grating-based spectrometer, and an acousto-optic tunable filter spectrometer. Calibrations were developed for the prediction of the time to 50% dissolution (t50%) of theophylline for tablets of varying coat thickness, for the determination of the thickness of the ethylcellulose coat applied, and for the prediction of the hardness of coated tablets. Principal component analysis was performed on the spectra prior to calibration development. The standard errors of calibration (SEC) and prediction (SEP) for determination of dissolution rates were 2.8 and 6.6 min, respectively. The SEC for the coating thickness calibration was 0.0002 inches, with an SEP of 0.00024 inches, and the SEC and SEP for the determination of tablet hardness were 0.54 and 0.62 kilopons, respectively.

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