Nationwide reference data for height, weight and body mass index of Indian schoolchildren

Author(s): Marwaha RK, Tandon N, Ganie MA, Kanwar R, Shivaprasad C, et al.


BACKGROUND. The assessment of growth is crucial for child care and reference data are central to growth monitoring. We aimed to assess the height, weight and body mass index (BMI) of Indian schoolchildren in order to develop genderappropriate growth charts for children 5-18 years of age. METHODS. Cross-sectional evaluation of anthropometric parameters (height, weight and BMI) was done in Indian schoolchildren (3-18 years) randomly selected from both fee-paying (upper socioeconomic strata) and non-fee paying (lower socioeconomic strata) schools from 4 regions (north, south, east and west) of India. A total of 106 843 children were evaluated, of which 42 214 children (19 303 boys, 22 911 girls) were from the lower socioeconomic strata and 64 629 children (34 411 boys, 30 218 girls) were from the upper socioeconomic strata. Normative charts, using the lambda-mu-sigma (LMS) method to smoothen the curves, were drawn from children belonging to the upper socioeconomic strata, in view of the gross discrepancy between the two socioeconomic strata. RESULTS. Height, weight and BMI percentile (3rd, 5th, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th, 95th and 97th) data were calculated and charts generated. The height of boys and girls was consistently higher at all ages when compared with earlier India data, but the final height was 2-4 cm lower than that reported in the WHO multicentre study of 2007. Weight centiles showed a rising trend both in boys and girls compared not only to earlier Indian data published in 1992, but also to that reported by the WHO multicentre study. The median weight at all ages in both boys and girls was approximately 4 kg more than that reported in affluent Indian children two decades earlier. CONCLUSION. This large nationwide study indicates secular trends in height, weight and BMI in Indian children from the upper socioeconomic strata. We suggest that the height and weight percentiles reported by us may be used as reference standards for India.

Similar Articles

Benefits and risks of fish consumption Part I

Author(s): Domingo JL, Bocio A, Falcó G, Llobet JM

A prospective study of intake of fish and marine fatty acids and prostate cancer

Author(s): Augustsson K, Michaud DS, Rimm EB, Leitzmann MF, Stampfer MJ, et al.

Long-term fatty fish consumption and renal cell carcinoma incidence in women

Author(s): Wolk A, Larsson SC, Johansson JE, Ekman P

Risks and benefits of consumption of Great Lakes fish

Author(s): Turyk ME, Bhavsar SP, Bowerman W, Boysen E, Clark M, et al.

Health risk of consuming heavy metals in farmed tilapia in central Taiwan

Author(s): Ling MP, Hsu HT, Shie RH, Wu CC, Hong YS

Heavy metals concentration in edible fishes from coastal region of Kalpakkam, southeastern part of India

Author(s): Biswas S, Prabhu RK, Hussain KJ, Selvanayagam M, Satpathy KK

Metals in fish along the southeast coast of India

Author(s): Thiyagarajan D, Dhaneesh KV, Ajith Kumar TT, Kumaresan S, Balasubramanian T

Metals in two species of fish in Karasu River

Author(s): Sönmez AY, Yaganoglu AM, Arslan G, Hisar O

Metals in edible fish from Vistula River and Dead Vistula River channel, Baltic Sea

Author(s): Wyrzykowska B, Falandysz J, Jarzyńska G

A study on the phytoaccumulation of waste elements in wetland plants of a Ramsar site in India

Author(s): Chatterjee S, Chetia M, Singh L, Chattopadhyay B, Datta S, et al.

A study on the waste metal remediation using floriculture at East Calcutta Wetlands, a Ramsar site in India

Author(s): Chatterjee S, Singh L, Chattopadhyay B, Datta S, Mukhopadhyay SK

Trace metal distribution in tissues of cichlids (Oreochromis niloticus and O

Author(s): Chatterjee S, Chattopadhyay B, Mukhopadhyay SK

An assessment of mercury loading in core sediments of Sunderban mangrove wetland, India (a preliminary report)

Author(s): Kwokal Z, Sarkar SK, Chatterjee M, Franciskovis-Bilinski S, Bilinski H, et al.

Seasonal variation of Zn, Cu and Pb in the estuarine stretch of West Bengal

Author(s): Chakraborty R, Zaman S, Mukhopadhyay N, Banerjee K, Mitra A