Author(s): Asher MK, Martin RA, Rohsenow DJ, MacKinnon S, Traficante R, et al.
Substance use and smoking co-occur at high rates and substance abusers smoke more and have greater difficulty quitting smoking compared to the general population. Methods of increasing smoking cessation among alcoholics are needed to improve their health. This study investigated predictors of motivation to quit smoking among patients early in residential treatment for substance abuse. The 198 alcohol dependent patients were participating is a larger smoking study at an inner-city residential '>substance abuse treatment program. Motivation was measured by the Contemplation Ladder. A hierarchical multiple regression was conducted to assess whether perceived barriers to smoking cessation and self-efficacy about quitting were associated with motivation to quit smoking independent of the influence of degree of tobacco involvement, substance use, and comorbid depressive symptoms. Motivation was higher with longer previous smoking abstinence, fewer barriers to quitting, and greater self-efficacy but was not influenced by smoking rate, dependence, or gender. While the combination of alcohol and drug use, alcohol and drug problem severity, and depressive symptoms predicted motivation, no one of these variables was significant. Since barriers to change and self-efficacy are potentially modifiable in treatment, these could be salient targets for intervention efforts. This could be integrated into treatment by assessing barriers and providing corrective information about consequences and methods of overcoming barriers and by providing coping skills to increase confidence in one's ability to quit smoking.
Referred From: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16314049
Author(s): Palfai TP, Monti PM, Ostafin B, Hutchison K
Author(s): Harrison EL, Hinson RE, McKee SA
Author(s): Howell A, Leyro T, Hogan J, Buckner J, Zvolensky M
Author(s): Krukowski RA, Solomon LJ, Naud S
Author(s): Reed MB, Wang R, Shillington AM, Clapp JD, Lange JE
Author(s): Hughes JR, Kalman D
Author(s): Hurt RD, Offord KP, Croghan IT, Gomez-Dahl L, Kottke TE, et al.
Author(s): Lisha NE, Carmody TP2, Humfleet GL2, Delucchi KL2
Author(s): Taylor B, Rehm J
Author(s): Jarvis CM, Hayman LL, Braun LT, Schwertz DW, Ferrans CE, et al.
Author(s): Joseph AM, Willenbring ML, Nugent SM, Nelson DB
Author(s): Kodl M, Fu SS, Joseph AM
Author(s): Fu S, Kodl M, Willenbring M, Nelson D, Nugent S, et al.
Author(s): Holt LJ, Litt MD, Cooney NL
Author(s): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Author(s): Irving LM, Seidner AL, Burling TA, Thomas RG, Brenner GF
Author(s): Macnee CL, Talsma A
Author(s): Orleans CT, Rimer BK, Cristinzio S, Keintz MK, Fleisher L
Author(s): Martin RA, Rohsenow DJ, MacKinnon SV, Abrams DB, Monti PM
Author(s): Velicer WF, DiClemente CC, Prochaska JO, Brandenburg N
Author(s): DiClemente CC, Prochaska JO
Author(s): Curry SJ, Grothaus L, McBride C
Author(s): Baha M, Le Faou AL
Author(s): Curry SJ, McBride C, Grothaus LC, Louie D, Wagner EH
Author(s): Saunders JB, Aasland OG, Babor TF, de la Fuente JR, Grant M
Author(s): Brown RA, Lejuez CW, Kahler CW, Strong DR
Author(s): Heatherton TF, Kozlowski LT, Frecker RC, FagerstrÃ¶m KO
Author(s): Pomerleau CS, Carton SM, Lutzke ML, Flessland KA, Pomerleau OF
Author(s): Filbey FM, Claus E, Audette AR, Niculescu M, Banich MT, et al.
Author(s): Fleming MF, Barry KL, MacDonald R
Author(s): Cherpitel CJ
Author(s): Macnee CL, Talsma A
Author(s): Curry S, Wagner EH, Grothaus LC
Author(s): McBride CM, Pollak KI, Bepler G, Lyna P, Lipkus IM, et al.
Author(s): Bonn-Miller MO, Zvolensky MJ
Author(s): Buckner JD, Zvolensky MJ, Schmidt NB
Author(s): Agrawal A, Budney AJ, Lynskey MT
Author(s): Degenhardt L, Hall W, Lynskey M
Author(s): Wilson SJ, Creswell KG, Sayette MA, Fiez JA
Author(s): Schane RE, Glantz SA, Ling PM
Author(s): DaniJA, De Biasi M
Author(s): Nestler EJ
Author(s): Ehrman RN, Robbins SJ, Bromwell MA, Lankford ME, Monterosso JR, et al.
Author(s): Wiers RW, Rinck M, Kordts R, Houben K, Strack F
Author(s): Korte KJ, Capron DW, Zvolensky M, Schmidt NB