Recommended Conferences


Barcelona, Spain

Physiotherapy 2022

Vancouver, Canada


Barcelona, Spain
Related Subjects

Scapular kinematics during humeral elevation in adults and children

Author(s): Dayanidhi S, Orlin M, Kozin S, Duff S, Karduna A


Background: Appropriate motion of the scapula is important for dynamic positioning of the glenoid during humeral elevation. A number of studies have described the typical scapular kinematics during humeral elevation in adults. However, children and adults may have differences in scapulothoracic musculature and scapular osteology. To our knowledge, no study has been performed examining scapular kinematics in children with either typical or atypical development. Consequently in children the influence of age and development on scapular motion is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to describe and compare the kinematic patterns of the scapula during humeral elevation in children with typical development and healthy adults.

Methods: Fifteen adults, 7 females, 25-37 years of age, and 14 children, 8 females, 4-9 years of age, participated in this study. Kinematic data were collected using a magnetic tracking device. Subjects were asked to elevate their arm in the scapular plane (40 degrees anterior to the frontal plane) in a sequence of three trials.

Findings: Significant differences were seen between the two age groups in the dependent variables. During scapular plane rotation from 25 degrees to 125 degrees , children showed greater upward rotation (43.9 degrees SD 6.39 degrees ) than adults (29.1 degrees SD 10.1 degrees ). The mean glenohumeral to scapulothoracic ratio in the scapular plane was 2.4:1 for adults, 1.3:1 for children.

Interpretation: This study demonstrates that there are significant differences in scapular kinematic patterns between children and adults. Children have a greater contribution from the scapulothoracic joint, specifically upward rotation toward humeral elevation. From a clinical perspective, these results can be used to help determine the incorporation of stabilization and mobilization of the scapulothoracic joint during exercises for a child with impairment at the shoulder for improving shoulder function.

Similar Articles

Studies of human locomotion: past, present and future

Author(s): Andriacchi TP, Alexander EJ

Calibration of the "Flock of Birds" electromagnetic tracking device and its application in shoulder motion studies

Author(s): Meskers CG, Fraterman H, van der Helm FC, Vermeulen HM, Rozing PM

Dynamic measurements of three-dimensional scapular kinematics: a validation study

Author(s): Karduna AR, McClure PW, Michener LA, Sennett B

Human movement analysis using stereophotogrammetry

Author(s): Leardini A, Chiari L, Della Croce U, Cappozzo A

Effect of skin movement artifact on knee kinematics during gait and cutting motions measured in vivo

Author(s): Benoit DL, Ramsey DK, Lamontagne M, Xu L, Wretenberg P, et al.

Human movement analysis using stereophotogrammetry

Author(s): Della Croce U, Leardini A, Chiari L, Cappozzo A

Human movement analysis using stereophotogrammetry

Author(s): Cappozzo A, Della Croce U, Leardini A, Chiari L

Differences in normal and perturbed walking kinematics between male and female athletes

Author(s): Hurd WJ, Chmielewski TL, Axe MJ, Davis I, Snyder-Mackler L

Direct 3-dimensional measurement of scapular kinematics during dynamic movements in vivo

Author(s): McClure PW, Michener LA, Sennett BJ, Karduna AR

Evaluation and management of scapular dysfunction

Author(s): McClure P, Greenberg E, Kareha S

Kinematic analysis of a multi-segment foot model for research and clinical applications: a repeatability analysis

Author(s): Carson MC, Harrington ME, Thompson N, O'Connor JJ, Theologis TN

An anatomically based protocol for the description of foot segment kinematics during gait

Author(s): Leardini A, Benedetti MG, Catani F, Simoncini L, Giannini S

A procedure to validate three-dimensional motion assessment systems

Author(s): DeLuzio KJ, Wyss UP, Li J, Costigan PA

Test-retest reliability of 3D kinematic gait variables in hip osteoarthritis patients

Author(s): Laroche D, Duval A, Morisset C, Beis JN, d'Athis P, et al.

Anatomy and biomechanics of the shoulder

Author(s): Halder AM, Itoi E, An KN

Shoulder kinematics in subjects with frozen shoulder

Author(s): Rundquist PJ, Anderson DD, Guanche CA, Ludewig PM

Three-dimensional kinematics of the lower limbs in hip osteoarthritis during walking

Author(s): Ornetti P, Laroche D, Morisset C, Beis JN, Tavernier C, et al.

Gait analysis 6 and 12 months after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery

Author(s): Hooper DM, Morrissey MC, Drechsler WI, Clark NC, Coutts FJ, et al.

Foot kinematics in people with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis

Author(s): Levinger P, Menz HB, Morrow AD, Feller JA, Bartlett JR, et al.

Gender differences in lower extremity mechanics during running

Author(s): Ferber R, Davis IM, Williams DS 3rd

Gait and neuromuscular asymmetries after acute anterior cruciate ligament rupture

Author(s): Gardinier ES, Manal K, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L

Human movement analysis using stereophotogrammetry

Author(s): Chiari L, Della Croce U, Leardini A, Cappozzo A