Leiomyosarcoma of the uterus: A clinicopathologic multicenter study of 71 cases

Author(s): Mayerhofer K, Obermair A, Windbichler G


Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the behavior of uterine leiomyosarcomas in relation to their clinical and pathologic features and to identify possible prognostic factors.

Methods. Seventy-one patients with histologically proven uterine leiomyosarcoma were included in the analysis. Leiomyosarcomas were defined as uterine smooth-muscle tumors with five or more mitoses per 10 high-power fields and cytologic atypia. Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to identify independent prognostic factors.

Results. The median follow-up time was 108 months; 5-year overall survival rate was 65%. Evaluating the correlation between several clinicopathologic parameters, tumors with vascular space involvement had a statistically significantly higher stage than tumors without vasular space involvement (P = 0.015). In a univariate Cox model early tumor stage (P < 0.0001), age <50 years (P < 0.0001), low mitotic count (P = 0.05), and the absence of vascular space involvement (P < 0.0005) were associated with good prognosis. In a multivariate analysis age (P = 0.002), tumor stage (P = 0.004), vascular space involvement (P = 0.003), and mitotic count in stage I tumors (P = 0.002) were found to be independent parameters for good prognosis in patients with uterine leiomyosarcoma.

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